Production control looks to utilize different type of control techniques to achieve optimum performance out of the production system as to achieve overall production planning targets. Therefore, objectives of production control are as follows:
Regulate inventory management
Organize the production schedules
Optimum utilization of resources and production process
The advantages of production control are as follows:
Ensure a smooth flow of all production processes
Ensure production cost savings thereby improving the bottom line
Control wastage of resources
It maintains standard of quality through the production life cycle.
Production control cannot be same across all the organization. Production control is dependent upon the following factors:
Nature of production ( job oriented, service oriented, etc.)
Nature of operation
Size of operation
Necessity of Production Control:
Production process of an enterprise is a system consisting of material, labour and equipment combined together by some dependence
imposed by operations. Input factors in the process are always uncontrollable. The controller of a production
process tries to control the output so that it is in conformity with the target set by the marketing department.
Production control tries to channelise the manufacturing process in such a manner that goods and services are produced according to the requirements of the consumer, i.e., of right quality, shape and quantity at the desired time.
Objectives of Production Control:
Provision of raw material, equipment, machines and labour.
To organise production schedule in conformity with the demand forecast.
The resources are used in the best possible manner in such a way that the cost of production is minimised and delivery date is maintained.
Determination of economic production runs with a view to reduce setup costs.
Proper co-ordination of the operations of various sections/departments responsible for production.
To ensure regular and timely supply of raw material at the desired place and of prescribed quality and quantity to avoid delays in production.
To perform inspection of semi-finished and finished goods and use quality control techniques to ascertain that the produced items are of required specifications.
It is also responsible for product design and development.
Types Of Production Planning and Control :
Advanced planning and scheduling
Master production schedule
Material requirements planning
Dispatching Production Planning & Control
Dispatch is a procedure for assigning employees (workers) or vehicles to customers. Industries that dispatch include taxicabs, couriers, emergency services, as well as home and commercial services such as maid services, plumbing, HVAC, pest control and electricians.
Operation Planning & Control
Effective Operation planning and control now stands at the core of every successful organizations as manufacturers strive to increase productivity without incurring unnecessary costs. As the need to deal effectively with the problems of production scheduling becomes more critical, staff needs to have a comprehensive understanding of the principles and functions of operation planning and control. Only then can these problems be solved through the appropriate production techniques.